Iraq’s population is estimated at 32,585,000, up from 31,234,000 (April 2009 IMF estimate).Iraq’s population was estimated to be 2 million in 1878.
Arabs form 75%–80% of the population. 15% of Iraq’s population are Kurds. Assyrians, Iraqi Turkmen/Turkoman and other much smaller minorities, such as Mandeans, Armenians, Circassians, Iranians, Shabakis, Yazidis and Kawliya, make up the remainder 5%–10% of the population.[ Around 20,000 Marsh Arabs live in southern Iraq.
Iraq has a community of 2,500 Chechens.In southern Iraq, there is a community of Iraqis of African descent, a legacy of the slavery practised in the Islamic Caliphate beginning before the Zanj Rebellion of the 9th century, and Basra’s role as a key port.It is the most populous country in the Arabian Plate.